## Find the Duplicate Number

07/17/2016 Binary Search Array Two Pointers

## Question

Given an array nums containing n + 1 integers where each integer is between 1 and n (inclusive), prove that at least one duplicate number must exist. Assume that there is only one duplicate number, find the duplicate one.

Note:

1. You must not modify the array (assume the array is read only).
2. You must use only constant, O(1) extra space.
3. Your runtime complexity should be less than O(n2).
4. There is only one duplicate number in the array, but it could be repeated more than once.

## Solution

Result: Accepted Time: 4 ms

Here should be some explanations.

int findDuplicate(int* nums, int numsSize) {
for(int i = 0; i < numsSize; i++)
{
int idx = i;
while(nums[idx] - 1 != idx)
{
int  tmp = nums[nums[idx] - 1];
if(tmp == nums[idx])
return tmp;
nums[nums[idx] - 1] = nums[idx];
nums[idx] = tmp;
idx = tmp - 1;
}
}
return 0;
}


Complexity Analytics

• Time Complexity: $O(n)$
• Space Complexity: $O(1)$